Victims can be any gender, age, race, socioeconomic background, or religion. Human trafficking happens to US and non-US citizens.

Traffickers use various techniques to control their victims and keep them enslaved. Some traffickers hold their victims under lock and key. However, the more frequent practice is to use less obvious techniques such as the following:

  • Isolation from the public by limiting contact with outsiders and making sure that any contact is monitored or superficial in nature;
  • Isolation from family members and friends;
  • Confiscation or control of drivers license, identification or passports.
  • Use or threat of violence toward victims or their family members;
  • The threat of shaming victims by exposing humiliating circumstances to their families;
  • Telling victims they will be imprisoned or deported for immigration violations if they contact authorities;
  • Debt bondage through enormous financial obligations or an undefined or increasing debt; and
  • Control of the victim's money: e.g., holding their money for "safe-keeping."